Hamilton soon backed away from these ideas, and decided that the Constitution, as written, was the best one possible. He signed the articles with the Roman name "Publius. Hamilton soon recruited two others, James Madison and John Jay, to contribute essays to the series.
They also used the pseudonym "Publius.
As a delegate from Virginia, he participated actively in the debates. He also kept detailed notes of the proceedings and drafted much of the Constitution. A judge and diplomat, he was serving as secretary of foreign affairs in the national government. Hamilton wrote over 60 percent of these essays and helped with the writing of others.
Madison probably wrote about a third of them with Jay composing the rest.
The essays had an immediate impact on the ratification debate in New York and in the other states. By this time the identity of "Publius," never a well-kept secret, was pretty well known. The Federalist , also called The Federalist Papers , has served two very different purposes in American history. The 85 essays succeeded by helping to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution.
Today, The Federalist Papers helps us to more clearly understand what the writers of the Constitution had in mind when they drafted that amazing document years ago. After each selection are two kinds of activities. The first activity includes questions that should be discussed and answered by the whole class or in small groups.
In The Federalist Papers the authors use two different articles, Federalist Paper 10 and Federalist Paper 51, to demonstrate how the systems set in place would lead to set up a structure for a successful democracy. And the Federalist Papers continually become more relevant. But if the people at large had reason to confide in the men of that Congress, few of whom had been fully tried or generally known, still greater reason have they now to respect the judgment and advice of the convention, for it is well known that some of the most distinguished members of that Congress, who have been since tried and justly approved for patriotism and abilities, and who have grown old in acquiring political information, were also members of this convention, and carried into it their accumulated knowledge and experience. But politicians now appear, who insist that this opinion is erroneous, and that instead of looking for safety and happiness in union, we ought to seek it in a division of the States into distinct confederacies or sovereignties. Because, under the national government, treaties and articles of treaties, as well as the laws of nations, will always be expounded in one sense and executed in the same manner,—whereas, adjudications on the same points and questions, in thirteen States, or in three or four confederacies, will not always accord or be consistent; and that, as well from the variety of independent courts and judges appointed by different and independent governments, as from the different local laws and interests which may affect and influence them.
If necessary, refer to a dictionary or your government textbook. The second activity after each selection is intended as an individual or homework assignment. Federalist Paper Alexander Hamilton The principle purposes to be answered by Union are these -- The common defense of the members -- the preservation of the public peace as well as against internal convulsions as external attacks -- the regulation of commerce with other nations and between the States -- the superintendence of our intercourse, political and commercial, with foreign countries.
For Discussion 1. According to Hamilton, what are the main purposes of forming a Union under the Constitution? Make a list in your own words. Do the majority of Hamilton's purposes relate to domestic or to foreign affairs? Individual Assignment Which one of Hamilton's purposes do you think is the most important for the United States today?
Explain your answer in about words. Federalist Paper James Madison The accumulation of all powers legislative, executive and judiciary in the same hands, whether of one, a few or many, and whether hereditary, self appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny. According to this excerpt, do you think Madison supported or opposed the principle of "separation of powers"? Refer to your government textbook if you are not familiar with this term. Why do you think Madison held this view of the "separation of powers"?
Individual Assignment In about words, describe a government in which all legislative, executive and judicial power is in the hands of one person or a single small group. Federalist Paper James Madison If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary.
In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself. Which of the following statements would Madison agree with based on his views in the above excerpt? Government is necessary.
The people should elect government leaders who act like angels. Elected government officials should be controlled by a system of "checks and balances. What would you say was Madison's general opinion of people in government: angels? Individual Assignment Find and describe five examples of "checks and balances" in the Constitution refer to your government textbook. Federalist Paper Alexander Hamilton The original intent of the Constitution was to place no limit on the number of times an individual could be elected president.
However, after Franklin D. Roosevelt won four presidential elections in a row, a constitutional amendment the 22nd was passed limiting a person to two terms as president. In the following selection, Hamilton argues against limiting the number of presidential terms. Hamilton, Jay, and Madison are tasked with publishing essays in the newspaper to get people on board with the new Federal Government.
They need to get nine out of the thirteen states to support the Constitution, so a lot is riding on them being convincing as humanly possible.
The Federalist Papers study guide contains a biography of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison, literature essays, a complete. In this Federalist Paper, James Madison explains and defends the checks and balances system in the Constitution. Each branch of government is framed so that .
While each Federalist paper was published anonymously, Federalist papers 10 and 51 were most likely written by James Madison, because they mostly deal with things about the government that he introduced. Not so sly, JM. Federalist Paper 10 is all about warning the power of factions and competing interests over the United States Government.
Since everyone has their own self-interests, and people's self-interests clash with others', governments have to be able to pass laws for the common good instead of any one specific group. To do that, the United States needs a Democratic Republic instead of a true Democracy, to cut down the power of the majority and filter it through hopefully qualified statesmen.
This system is also made better by having a larger republic, which the United States hoped to be shortly. Federalist Paper 51 proposes a government broken into three branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Each branch should be self-sufficient, but each should have some kind of power over the other in order for them to keep each other from taking over the government. The Legislative branch needs to be split further into the House of Representatives and the Senate because it's the most powerful branch, and members of the Judicial branch need to be chosen by the President with the Senate's approval because they want qualified candidates for a position that lasts for life.